Excellence is never an accident it is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, and intelligent execution it represents the wise choice of many alternatives - choice, not chance, determines your destiny. To achieve excellence and happiness, the person who is most successful is the person with the highly cultivated mind and character rather than the person who possesses large amounts of goods external goods have their limit, but goods of the soul do not. Similarly the excellence of the horse makes a horse both good in itself and good at running and at carrying its rider and at awaiting the attack of the enemy therefore, if this is true in every case, the virtue of man also will be the state of character which makes a man good and which makes him do his own work well.
In this paper, i describe aristotle's concept of eudaimonia, explain how it fits into his political theory, and argue that finding fallacies in it, while possible, is not helpful. Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors socrates and platophilosophical ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate fields of study, since ethics examines the good of. Aristotle defines, defends and explains a number of virtues in the nicomachean ethics, invoking examples and arguments to make a case for what is his understanding of the virtue in question, taking for granted that the virtue in question is in fact a virtue and worthy of cultivation one such virtue, i expect, that none would object to is the virtue.
Aristotle was born in 384 bc in stagira in northern greece both of his parents were members of traditional medical families, and his father, nicomachus, served as court physician to king amyntus iii of macedoniahis parents died while he was young, and he was likely raised at his family’s home in stagira. Excellence is an art won by training and habituation we do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly we are what we repeatedly do excellence, then, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle insisted that the body and the psyche form a unity this idea is known as hylomorphic this idea is known as hylomorphic aristotle believed that thinking requires the use of images while some animals can imagine, only man thinks knowing (nous) differs from thinking in that it is an active, creative process leading to the. Quotations from aristotle’s nicomachean ethics (trans by terence irwin, hackett publishing co, 1985) 1 “every craft and every investigation, and likewise every action and decision, seems to aim at some.
About the work in the nichomachean ethics, aristotle argues that what we seek is eudaimonia, a term unfortunately translated in this reading as happiness is better expressed as the well-being or the excellence of performing the proper function when aristotle explains human virtue, he is not discussing what we now refer to as victorian. Explanation no english word or phrase captures the exact meaning of aretethe nearest equivalents are 'excellence' and 'virtue' but there is something more to arete which cannot be expressed in words there is something of the divine in it. Aristotle – his works aristotle’s teachings and writings continue to influence philosophy and thought to this day even though only a fraction of his works remain most of the surviving works were compiled from his lecture notes which accounts for the inconsistencies and crudeness readers may find in them. Aristotle calls happiness an “activity,” which distinguishes his conception of happiness both from our modern conception of happiness and from virtue, which aristotle calls a “disposition” we tend to think of happiness as an emotional state and hence as something we are, rather than as something we do. Aristotle, greek aristoteles, (born 384 bce, stagira, chalcidice, greece—died 322, chalcis, euboea), ancient greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of western history he was the author of a philosophical and scientific system that became the framework and vehicle for both christian scholasticism and medieval.
Philosophy of the human nature in aristotle’s nicomacheon ethics book he uses his function argument as grounds for his claim that the human function is the activity of the soul in accordance with excellence or virtue. Chris surprenant (university of new orleans) discusses the account of human well-being and the good life presented by aristotle in. Generally as an ‘excellence’, or more specifically, a ‘virtue’ so sharpness is so sharpness is a virtue in a knife designed to cut good focus is a virtue in an eye.
Aristotle on moral responsibility character and cause susan sauvé meyer 1 mmeyer_fmindd iiieyer_fmindd iii 110/20/2011 7:05:22 pm0/20/2011 7:05:22 pm oup uncorrected proof – first-proof, 10/20/2011, spi 3 great clarendon street, oxford ox2 6dp oxford university press is a department of the university of oxford it furthers the university’s objective of excellence. It is the excellence through which individuals enjoy their own posses- sions in accordance with the law (nomos), while through injustice, individuals enjoy the possessions of others in defiance of the law (1366b3-7) laws, in. Explain each part of that definition happiness, a state we all pursue, is the full realization of our rationality in order to be happy, to reach a self-sufficient, attainable, and final end, we should aim at the good aristotle starts out with the assumption that every action and pursuit aims at the good we should desire the chief good.
Human flourishing is the reward of the virtues and values and happiness is the goal and reward of human flourishing self-direction (ie, autonomy) involves the use of one's reason and is central and necessary for the possibility of attaining human flourishing, self-esteem, and happiness it is the only characteristic of flourishing that is. For aristotle, every person has a character, which comes from the repetition of certain kinds of activities or habits a virtue is a state of a character there are two kinds of virtues: intellectual and moral the purpose of examining virtue is not to understand what virtue is, which is useless. Aristotle was a student of plato and tutor to alexander the great he disagreed with plato over the existence of ideal forms and believed that form and matter are always joined aristotle's many books include. Moral excellence is a rough mid-point or mean between two kinds of badness—one of excess and the other of defect some of the extremes constantly face journalists.